Originally made using salts from the Dead Sea, Hebron beads date back to earlier than the mid-19th century. Hebron beads – also referred to as â€œKano beadsâ€, are commonly found in a dull yellow color, although they also appear in various shades of green and blue, although rare. These beads are a favorite amongst antique bead collectors who cherish them for their rich history which saw them travel from Egypt, along the Nile, into the Sudan and even as far as Ghana to adorn the bodies of West African royalty. Their craftsmanship involves their being wound straight in furnace to produce a shining glass bead. The larger of the Hebron beads are referred to as Mongur, while the smaller ones go by the name Harish.
Jade beads are crafted from the jade gemstone and are popularly used in making attractive modern jewelry pieces. You will find that most jade beads will vary in shape and size since each bead is cut by hand and then has its hole drilled by hand as well.
Of course this is a bonus as you are assured of having a unique jewelry item which no other person could possibly have. Jade beads come in luscious shades of avocado green which swirl through the individual beads and are great for jewelry lovers who are into earth tone colors.
For the last three centuries, the bohemian bead industry has thrived under the guidance of expert stone cutters who have continued to work with bright red garnets in and around the bohemian village of Turnov in todayâ€™s Czech Republic. This tradition of fine bead making is today evident from the great collections of both old and new glass bohemian beads available on the market today.
Historically, the unique styles of the translucent red glass made these beads some of the most popular African trade beads which were used by European seafaring merchants to trade for slaves, ivory and other goods with African rulers in the centuries past.
Bembe Cote beads are a type of African trade beads popular amongst the Bembe people of Congo.
These decorative glass beads were popularly used for trading purposes in Africa during the pre-20th century period, mainly as currency for the exchange of goods, services and slaves.
The success of Bembe Cote beads as a form of currency is largely attributed to the high intrinsic value that the people of Africa placed on decorative items.
Bembe Cote beads are today available in attractive colors such as deep maroon with each individual bead measuring approximately Â½ inches in diameter.
Dating back to as early as 1915, Vaseline beads were originally attractive, greenish-yellow glass beads whose pretty color is attributed to the presence of uranium salts. These beads tend to fluoresce under ultraviolet light and turn a violent green.
Later versions of Vaseline beads were made in various attractive colors including bright green, red, amethyst, as well as an opaque blue green which is the color of fine amazonite.
These beads are large, faceted and shaped into a rondelle shape or flat disk, with popular jewelry designs featuring both forms on a single strand.
Today, Vaseline beads still retain their special significance as highly prized African trade beads.
Olumbo beads are old Czech beads made from glass which were popularly worn by the Nigerian people at the height of African trade in the past centuries. Olumbo beads were part of the selection of African trade beads which were used for purposes of trade by African kings and chiefs while trading in slaves, ivory and other goods with western sea faring merchants as far back as the late eighteenth century. Today, Olumbo beads can be strung on raffia â€“ bead to bead, to create beautiful bracelets and necklaces for the discerning beaded jewelry lover. The beads are usually available in attractive colors such as pink and various other shades of red, but can be found in green.
Today, ring beads have become increasingly popular and are ideal to use as focal points for crafting interesting jewelry projects. These beads are available in a wide variety of materials including metals such as brass, copper and silver and are popularly used in showcasing the natural beauty of these metals.
Ring beads take on the form of circular disks with a large central hole quite similar to that found in a Dutch Donut bead. This makes them easy to string because their holes are conventionally-placed. With leather for stringing, you may use a handful of beautiful brass ring beads from Ethiopia to create exquisite ring bead jewelry pieces.
Heishi beads have a fascinating origin which is linked to the ancient history of the Santo Domingo and San Felipe Pueblo Indians who were most proficient in the crafting of these beads.
Experts regard Heishi beads as the oldest form of jewelry in New Mexico and North America, as they pre-date to the period before the introduction of metals.
The â€œheishiâ€ in heishi beads literally means â€œshellâ€, with particular reference to the pieces of shell which are drilled and ground into the beads and then strung into necklaces.
Today, however, heishi has come to refer to tiny beads made by hand out of any naturally occurring material.
Coptic crosses have a rich history as being popularly worn by Ethiopian Christian converts for over 1,600 years.
Their designs vary widely and are indicative of the town or province from which they originate. Most crosses were crafted using the lost wax technique and tend to exhibit elaborate designs showing Latin, Greek, Egyptian and Celtic influences.
Generally, the older the Coptic cross, the better its quality of silver.
Coptic crosses serve well as exquisite centerpieces for beautiful beaded necklaces. For instance, you may add a Coptic cross to a strand of beautiful Ghana glass beads to produce a charming necklace to dazzle onlookers with.
Beads made from all sorts of materials including brass, glass and metal may be referred to as â€œfancy beadsâ€. These beads may be labeled â€œfancyâ€ due to the elaborate decorations that adorn their surfaces.
For instance, fancy beads may be decorated with dots, lines, trails and engravings to fit in with their fancy description. Fancy beads may also be shaped after decorating to give them an even more interesting pattern.
Fancy beads will typically receive their fascinating patterns and decorations while still in molten state to allow for easier shaping. During the decoration process, glass rods may be used to apply numerous dots, as well as wavy lines or trails to the fancy beads.