Heishi beads have a fascinating origin which is linked to the ancient history of the Santo Domingo and San Felipe Pueblo Indians who were most proficient in the crafting of these beads. Experts regard Heishi beads as the oldest form of jewelry in New Mexico and North America, as they pre-date to the period before the introduction of metals. The “heishi” in heishi beads literally means “shell”, with particular reference to the pieces of shell which are drilled and ground into the beads and then strung into necklaces. Today, however, heishi has come to refer to tiny beads made by hand out of any naturally occurring material.
Today, ring beads have become increasingly popular and are ideal to use as focal points for crafting interesting jewelry projects. These beads are available in a wide variety of materials including metals such as brass, copper and silver and are popularly used in showcasing the natural beauty of these metals. Ring beads take on the form of circular disks with a large central hole quite similar to that found in a Dutch Donut bead. This makes them easy to string because their holes are conventionally-placed. With leather for stringing, you may use a handful of beautiful brass ring beads from Ethiopia to create exquisite ring bead jewelry pieces.
Coptic crosses have a rich history as being popularly worn by Ethiopian Christian converts for over 1,600 years. Their designs vary widely and are indicative of the town or province from which they originate. Most crosses were crafted using the lost wax technique and tend to exhibit elaborate designs showing Latin, Greek, Egyptian and Celtic influences. Generally, the older the Coptic cross, the better its quality of silver. Coptic crosses serve well as exquisite centerpieces for beautiful beaded necklaces. For instance, you may add a Coptic cross to a strand of beautiful Ghana glass beads to produce a charming necklace to dazzle onlookers with.
Brass pendant beads are a type of African trade beads which are hand-made and crafted out of metal. Brass pendant beads are made from brass which is an alloy of copper that contains a significant amount of zinc as well. These pendant beads work well as beautiful centerpieces for a wide range of jewelry items. For instance, you could add a brass pendant bead as the focal point on a strand of French glass beads to create an exquisite necklace. Brass pendant beads are products of centuries of brass bead making in West Africa, and most have been produced by the age old ancient bead making method referred to as the lost wax technique.
Coin metal is a metallic material which is fashioned into a disc and often used as currency. Some common metals used to make coins include brass, silver, exotic metals such as gold and silver, as well as other metals like nickel, zinc and copper. Coin metal beads are also referred to as nickel metal beads and are commonly available in metals such as brass and silver. These beads receive their name from the particular coin metal used in their construction. As such, coin metal beads may take the form of coin silver beads and coin brass beads.
African trade beads came about as a result of the need for traders along the route between Europe and Africa for a currency to trade with the Africans. Beads fitted here as the most appropriate medium of exchange due to the affinity that African people had for various types of beads. The trade beads were therefore used for purposes of battering goods of value from the peoples of Africa such as ivory, gold, and palm oil.
The history of African trade beads dates as far back as the fifteenth century with the coming of the Portuguese. Upon arrival in West Africa, the Portuguese discovered just how important beads were to the African people. The beads they found were crafted out of various objects and materials including gold, iron, ivory, organic objects and bone. At the same time, the Portuguese discovered that the resources that the European market was desperate for were in abundance in Africa. The traders therefore decided to use glass beads as a medium in bartering for goods and raw materials with the Africans.
Glass beads were particularly singled out because glass working technology had not yet been discovered in Africa. Therefore, the African people were in awe of the exquisite beads of glass that the European traders had to offer. Because these beads were also used in bartering slaves, they were to later earn the name “slave beads” or aggry beads. Europe responded to the popularity and increased demand for African trade beads by increasing production in cities such as Venice which is today still famous for its unique and rare glass beads.
To clean most African beads use a small amount of Mineral Oil (found at your local grocers) on a clean cloth and rub. Not recommended for old or Antique beads as their dirt is well earned and adds to their history.
Cleaning agents such as soap are not advised.