Tuareg beads originate from the nomadic Tuareg people of North Africa. Tuareg beads are created by skilled Tuareg bead makers who pass the knowledge on to future generations, just as their forefathers have been doing for over a thousand years. These beads are unique and high quality and used to create exquisite jewelry items. Some common items crafted include crosses made using the ancient lost wax technique of bead making. Here, softened wax is shaped and applied in a clay mold which is then fired using a goat skin bellows. The basic Tuareg bead cross can then be shaped, engraved and thereafter polished to create an awe-inspiring jewelry item.
Found in Mali, old Tuareg amulet beads are handmade glass beads also referred to as Talhakimts. Mainly worn as hair ornaments, the old Tuareg amulet beads were typical features at Tuareg weddings during which the bride received the geometric beads, which she was required to wear as a sign of her marital status. Amulet beads were cherished heirlooms amongst the Tuareg people, as well as serving as everyday accessories to the flowing cloth of both men and women. Modern variations of the old Tuareg amulet beads are produced in the same tradition and feature structurally bold geometric pieces reminiscent of the Moorish architecture.
African trade beads came about as a result of the need for traders along the route between Europe and Africa for a currency to trade with the Africans. Beads fitted here as the most appropriate medium of exchange due to the affinity that African people had for various types of beads. The trade beads were therefore used for purposes of battering goods of value from the peoples of Africa such as ivory, gold, and palm oil.
The history of African trade beads dates as far back as the fifteenth century with the coming of the Portuguese. Upon arrival in West Africa, the Portuguese discovered just how important beads were to the African people. The beads they found were crafted out of various objects and materials including gold, iron, ivory, organic objects and bone. At the same time, the Portuguese discovered that the resources that the European market was desperate for were in abundance in Africa. The traders therefore decided to use glass beads as a medium in bartering for goods and raw materials with the Africans.
Glass beads were particularly singled out because glass working technology had not yet been discovered in Africa. Therefore, the African people were in awe of the exquisite beads of glass that the European traders had to offer. Because these beads were also used in bartering slaves, they were to later earn the name “slave beads” or aggry beads. Europe responded to the popularity and increased demand for African trade beads by increasing production in cities such as Venice which is today still famous for its unique and rare glass beads.
To clean most African beads use a small amount of Mineral Oil (found at your local grocers) on a clean cloth and rub. Not recommended for old or Antique beads as their dirt is well earned and adds to their history.
Cleaning agents such as soap are not advised.